MCS-Related Disciplinary Documents and Depositions
Drs. William Rea and Alfred Johnson
Stephen Barrett, M.D.
The expression "multiple chemical sensitivity" ("MCS") is used to describe people with multiple troubling symptoms attributed to environmental factors. Many such people have applied for disability benefits and filed lawsuits claiming that exposure to common foods and chemicals has made them ill. Their legal efforts are supported by a small cadre of physicians who use questionable diagnostic and treatment methods. This page links to disciplinary documents and depositions of two such such promoters: William J. Rea, M.D and Alfred R. Johnson, D.O. It also summarizes cases in which their proposed expert testimony was excluded. Please contact me if you have additional documents or other information about their legal involvements.
Disciplinary Actions against Rea
In 2007, the Texas Medical Board charged Rea with (a) using pseudoscientific test methods, (b) failing to make accurate diagnoses, (c) providing "nonsensical" treatments, (d) failing to properly inform patients that his approach is unproven; (e) practicing in areas for which he has not been trained; and (f) representing himself certified by a board that is not recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties. In 2010, the Board approved a mediated agreed order that required Rea to revise the form he uses to obtain consent to treat patients with injections of environmental substances. The order was based upon Rea's failure to obtain informed consent from five patients diagnosed with chemical sensitivity and/or environmental sensitivity. During the investigation, Rea testified in a deposition that a "car exhaust" solution he used for injections was so dilute that only an "electromagnetic imprint" of the original active substances remained.. The revised consent form must state that (a) his injections contain only the “electromagnetic imprint” of the agents in question, (b) the therapy is not FDA-approved, and (c) the therapeutic value of the therapy is disputed. In addition, he must not start using any formulations that contain any amounts of substances classified as hazardous or carcinogenic by the Environmental Protection Agency or any other federal or state regulatory agency.
Rea is also licensed in Ohio. After learning about the Texas case, the State Medical Board of Ohio ruled that even though Rea was not practicing in Ohio, it would hold him to the same restrictions. Rea appealed this decision, but in 2013, the Franklin County (Ohio) Court of Common Pleas upheld the Ohio Board's ruling.
- Texas Medical Board complaint (8/24/07)
- Texas Medical Board agreed order (8/27/10)
- Ohio Court of Common Pleas ruling (3/26/13)
Disciplinary Action against Johnson
In 2007, the Texas Medical Board charged that Johnson had (a) improperly diagnosed a patient, (b) administered "nonsensical" treatment, (c) and was not properly informing patients that his approach is unproven. In 2010, Johnson signed a mediated agreed order under which he was reprimanded, fined $4,500, and ordered to take 32 hours of continuing medical education courses related to allergy and immunology. He was also required to (a) provide the Board with a list of the substances he utilizes for antigen/desensitization therapy, indicating which are commercial (FDA-approved) and which are not, (b) Provide informed consent using forms attached to the agreed order, and (c) separately track or segregate charts involving his use of the therapy, so as to be able to track outcome trends, identify recurrent side effects and complications, and provide ready access to these charts in the event of a future related investigation by the Medical Board.
Johnson was also licensed in Missouri and Florida. In 2010, he and the Missouri State Board of Registration for the Healing Arts signed a settlement agreement under which he was reprimanded, ordered to provide a list of the extracts that he used in his practice, and required to comply with the Texas Medical Board's order. In 2013, he entered into a settlement agreement with the Florida Board of Osteopathic Medicine under which he was reprimanded, fined $2,500, ordered to pay $764.12 for costs, and requiured to show proof of completing 18 hours of continuing education in allergy and immunology as required by the Texas Medical Board. The Florida Department of HealthWeb site indicated that Johnson's license expired in 2010.
- Texas Medical Board complaint (10/22/07)
- Texas Medical Board mediated agreed order (4/9/10)
- Missouri settlement agreement (12/27/10)
- Florida administrative complaint, settlement agreement, and order (3/12/12)
- Carroll v. Magnaflux (9/26/88)
- Lazinski v. Lazinski (6/11/01)
- Rhodes v. Kaufman (5/2/95)
- Squires v. Shaw Industries (12/5/97)
- Texas Medical Board (5/21/10)
- Yingling v. Spring Grove School District (10/19/92)
- Deakle v. ICI Americas (7/14/97, 7/15/97)
- Squires v. Shaw Industries (5/22/97)
- Squires v. Shaw Industries (7/9/97)
Cases in Which Expert Testimony of Rea and/or Johnson
This article was revised on November 23, 2016.